Case Studies

Case Studies

2015 – Baseline Evaluation and Socio Economic Survey, Tanzania

This project is intended to make a major contribution to the improvement of sanitation and public health conditions in the informal settlements of Mwanza through a planned allocation of about 13.1 Million Euros. This study was commission to assist UN Habitat with evidence based facts in order to provide balanced programme of investments to address issues of water supply, sewerage and non-sewerage sanitation as well as a comprehensive programme of sanitation in schools and public institutions. A comprehensive socio-economic survey was undertaken using quantitative and qualitative questionnaires where vulnerability rate and poverty rate of each respondent was identified and mapped against access to water and sanitation services. The study covered 458 households and 150 schools in Mwanza Municipality. The study made actionable recommendation to United Nations Human Settlement Programme and project partners (Mwanza Water and Sanitation Company).

“Urban development, water, sanitation and training and capacity building”

2015 – Sanitation and faecal sludge management knowledge, attitude and practice survey, Uganda

Sanitation is a critical and top concern to people and government of Uganda. Several efforts have been martialed to improve access and affordability by many poor urban households. Lake Victoria Water and Sanitation Programme Phase II in Uganda implemented by National Water and Sewerage Corporation (NWSC) and UN Habitat aims at improving access to basic sanitation and improved hygiene among households in Uganda. Participatory approach was used to map and access the levels of access to basic sanitation and improved hygiene, this involved mapping gaps where the programme could address. This survey covered households, schools and health centers. The results of the survey were presented to the stakeholders in the programme and support service delivery to urban poor households.

“Urban developments, gender, public service delivery”


2014/15 – Baseline Survey (Financial Access Study), Kenya.

The World Agro Forestry Centre (ICRAF) is coordinating the five-year programme funded by the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Trade and Development Cooperation (DGIS). The purpose of the Programme is to increase water and food security, strengthen access to markets and drive sustainable economic development for different categories of farmers in Ethiopia, Kenya, Burkina Faso, Mali and Niger. In Kenya, World Vision is the lead organisation for this project being implemented with Netherlands Development Organization SNV, Adventist Development and Relief Agency (ADRA) and CARITAS in Machakos, Makueni and Kitui counties. As the lead researcher for Strategic Business Advisors (SBA (Africa Ltd), we undertook a detailed assessment of financial services in the three counties in order to provide evidence-based information for appropriate interventions. A structured questionnaire with detailed questions on access to finance was administered to both farmers and commercial businesses. This provided very useful quantitative analysis for the assessment. Key informants included banks and non-governmental (NGO’s) and a semi structured questionnaire guide was used to gather information on access to finance issues. In addition qualitative approaches were also used focused group discussion (FGD’s) to understand and probe in depth other issues. Our recommendation was that the project should develop a comprehensive targeted initiative to support the very poor households in the region that constitute over 40% of the total population (those earning less than $1.25 per day).


2014 – Baseline Evaluation of Water, Sanitation and Hygiene Promotion, South Sudan.

The study aimed at understanding the level access of clean domestic water, sanitation and hygiene services to the residents of Torit town in South Sudan through a KAP Survey in order to develop informed decisions for future interventions. Challenges in sanitation and hygiene were identified and mapped with potential interventions identified. A comprehensive KAP survey was undertaken by lead consultants and identified supply and demand water and sanitation services. The report presented detailed analysis segmented by gender and socio-economic status. The recommendations fed into design of comprehensive hygiene programme for Torit town.

“Sustainable development, resilience, Health”

2014 – Evaluation of Lake Victoria Water and Sanitation Phase I Programme (Kenya, Tanzania & Uganda)

The overall objective of this study was to conduct an evaluation of Lake Victoria Water and Sanitation Programme Phase I against programme goals. The overall objective of the Sustainability Check 2013 was to assess the change in sustainability of; (1) the new and rehabilitated water facilities, (2) sanitation infrastructure, (3) Micro-credit programme and, by doing so, prompt any necessary modifications in programme methodologies and practices to improve sustainability outcomes in the project ten towns in Kenya, Uganda and Tanzania. The focus of the programme was; (i) to increase access for safe water and sanitation facilities in secondary towns, (ii) to support pro-poor water and sanitation investments in the secondary urban center in the Lake Victoria Basin, (iii) to build institutional and human resource capacities at local and regional levels for sustainability of improved water and sanitation services, (iv) to facilitate the benefits of upstream water sectors reforms to reach the local levels in participating urban centers, and (v) to reduce the negative environmental impacts  of urbanization  in the lake Victoria Basin. The results of evaluation helped quantify the sustainability of the programme together with its spillover effects and further identified success stories, challenges and recommendations for the programme. The programme was funded by Government of Netherlands to the tune of USD 40 million dollars and implemented United Nations Human Settlement Programme.

“Sustainable development, water, sanitation, health, education and micro-finance”


2013 – Socio Economic baseline survey, Kenya.

The survey focused on establishing socio-economic status of households in Kericho County in Kenya. Africa Development Bank (AfDB), Lake Victoria North Water and Sanitation Authority, Lake Victoria Basin Commission together with UN Habitat are implementing water and sanitation programme with aim of improving water access and sanitation among the poor households. The study involved mapping Kericho town, community and stakeholder engagement recruitment and training of field researcher. The outcome results assisted UN Habitat in designing training and capacity building programme for the water and sanitation stakeholders and programme design. It highlighted important aspects such level of water access and household’s willingness to pay for improved services. Participatory mixed methods was used for study with sampled 300 households, 20 schools, 5 hospitals and 3 markets.  The recommendations assisted all the stakeholders in designing and implementing the programme in Kericho.

“Urban development, health, water, poverty”